Pollen profile by stingless bee (Heterotrigona itama) reared in rubber smallholding environment at Tepoh, Terengganu

Md Zaki, N. N. and Abd Razak, S. B.*

  • Shamsul Bahri

Abstract

Pollen profile by stingless bee (Heterotrigona itama) reared in rubber smallholding environment at Tepoh, Terengganu

Md Zaki, N. N.1 and Abd Razak, S. B.1*

1Special Interest Group of Bee and Meliponine, School of Food Science and Technology, 21030, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia.

 

Abstract

The integration of stingless bee in rubber estate and study of pollen is crucial in understanding the crops and plants interaction as stingless bee has species-specific preference toward pollens. Peninsular Malaysia has been the world's most important rubber cultivation area, and the present wealth of this area was largely based on the production of natural rubber. However, the price of latex drops recently due to reduce demand from the rubber industry. Therefore, the integration of stingless bee (Heterotrigona itama) in the rubber plantation can bee seen as an alternative activity to supplement the income of  rubber smallholders while at the same time as an important pollinator agent for the crop. The aims of this study are to identify pollens collected by the stingless bee, Heterotrigona itama in rubber smalholding at Tepoh, Terengganu. The study was carried out from January 2017 until Disember 2017.  Pollen distribution in March to June showed the highest varieties the plants start to flower. Results also showed that stingless bee has specific preference for the flower such as   Ixora coccinea. Small flowers with less or no petals are most preferred by stingless bees. This study could help stingless bee keeper to understand and appreciate their surrounding and also managing a suitable landscape for stingless bee rearing.

Keywords: Stingless bee, integration, pollen distribution, pollen profile, rubber smallholding

ARTICLE INFO

Received 28th August 2018

Received in revised form 15th October 2018

Accepted 2nd November 2018

*Corresponding author: Associate Prof. Dr. Shamsul Bahri

Tel: +604 599 5262 e-mail: shamsul@umt.edu.my

Copyright Malaysian Journal of Microscopy (2018). All rights reserved. ISSN: 1823-7010 eISSN 2600-7444

 

Published
2018-12-31
Section
Original Research Articles